Zoom into a familiar location, create a point, and share your story. We're here to help. [Online: https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/publications/NOAA_Technical_Report_NOS_COOPS_073.pdf], Global Ocean Heat and Salt Content page at NCEI, Tides and Currents Sea Level Trends page at the National Ocean Service, Digital Coast Sea Level Rise Viewer at the Coastal Services Center, Coastal Flood Risk page at the U.S. Park, J.J. Marra, C. Zervas and S. Gill (2014). There are many opportunities for you to become involved and help us keep Seattle great. Using data from scores of stations around the world, scientists can calculate a global average and adjust it for seasonal differences. See how we maintain these services for you. About the data used in the interactive graph. Global and Regional Sea Level Rise Scenarios for the United States. NOAA Climate.gov graph, adapted from Figure 8 in Sweet et al., 2017. NOAA Tech Memo OAR CPO-1. We also help manage construction waste. With climate change, the water cycle is expected to undergo significant change. The rising water level is mostly due to a combination of meltwater from glaciers and ice sheets and thermal expansion of seawater as it warms. We manage sewer, drainage, and waste collection services for residents and businesses in Seattle. https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/sites/3/2019/11/SROCC_FinalDraft_Chapter3.pdf, https://report.ipcc.ch/srocc/pdf/SROCC_SPM_Approved.pdf, http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg1/WG1AR5_SPM_FINAL.pdf. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. Sea level can rise by two different mechanisms with respect to climate change. The higher the sea level, the faster and stronger the return signal is. We manage Seattle's sewer and drainage systems, including street storm drains and pollution control. In the United States, almost 40 percent of the population lives in relatively high population-density coastal areas, where sea level plays a role in flooding, shoreline erosion, and hazards from storms. For example, a warmer climate causes more water to evaporate from both land and oceans; in turn, a warmer atmosphere can hold more water – roughly four percent more water for every 1ºF rise in temperature. In urban settings along coastlines around the world, rising seas threaten infrastructure necessary for local jobs and regional industries. In 2012, at the request of the U.S. It is based on a weighted average of 373 global tide gauge records collected by the U.S. National Ocean Service, UHSLC, and partner agencies worldwide. We also help manage construction waste. About half of the measured global sea level rise on Earth is from warming waters and thermal expansion. Interactive Map Climate change Snapshots of a warming world. Residents and businesses can conserve, reduce waste, and practice sustainability. (2013). Explore the programs we offer for you to learn about the environment and get involved. https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/sites/3/2019/11/SROCC_FinalDraft_Chapter3.pdf. Globally, 8 of the world’s 10 largest cities are near a coast, according to the U.N. Atlas of the Oceans. First, as the oceans warm due to an increasing global temperature, seawater expands—taking up more space in the ocean basin and causing a rise in water level. Sea level is measured by two main methods: tide gauges and satellite altimeters. Global warming is causing global mean sea level to rise in two ways. Seattle has over 1,200 miles of sewer pipe. NASA photo by Maria-José Viñas. [online: https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/sltrends/] Accessed November 18, 2019. Explore this interactive graph: Click and drag either axis to display different parts of the graph. The most recent special report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says we can expect the oceans to rise between 10 and 30 inches (26 to … This is an increase of 0.24 inches (6.1 mm) from 2018. Map by NOAA Climate.gov based on data provided by Philip Thompson, University of Hawaii. Higher background water levels mean that deadly and destructive storm surges, such as those associated with Hurricane Katrina, “Superstorm” Sandy, and Hurricane Michael—push farther inland than they once did. You can see how this process works by building a model using everyday items to demonstrate that water expands when heat energy is added. Clark, A. Cazenave, J.M. The map illustrates how climate change could affect the global economy as regions connected by trade are affected by changes in crop yield, droughts, flooding and high temperatures. From 2018 to 2019, global sea level rose 0.24 inches (6.1 millimeters). Higher sea level also means more frequent high-tide flooding, sometimes called “nuisance flooding” because it isn't generally deadly or dangerous, but it can be disruptive and expensive. To estimate how much of the observed sea level rise is due to thermal expansion, scientists measure sea surface temperature using moored and drifting buoys, satellites, and water samples collected by ships. (2019). Pedersen Glacier, at Aialik Bay in Alaska’s Kenai Mountains, in 1917 (left) and 2005 (right). Since the 2012 report report, new research has emerged showing that some of the more extreme estimates of how quickly those ice sheets could melt were more plausible than they previously seemed. Around the U.S., nuisance flooding has increased dramatically in the past 50 years. We manage public garbage and recycling cans and work to remove illegal dumping, graffiti, sharps, and other pollution in public places. Photo by Flickr user James WIlliamor, via a Creative Commons license. King Tides: Snap the Shore, See the Future A collaboration of NOAA’s Office for Coastal Management and the King Tides Project to help people understand the global impact of sea level rise. In: IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate [H.- O. Pörtner, D.C. Roberts, V. Masson-Delmotte, P. Zhai, M. Tignor, E. Poloczanska, K. Mintenbeck, M. Nicolai, A. Okem, J. Petzold, B. Rama, N. Weyer (eds.)]. Accessed November 2, 2015. To squeeze or stretch the graph in either direction, hold your Shift key down, then click and drag. The pace of sea level rise accelerated beginning in the 1990s, coinciding with acceleration in glacier and ice sheet melting. Church, J.A., P.U. The Water Utility provides more than 1.3 million customers in King County with a reliable water supply; the Drainage and Wastewater Utility collects and disposes of sewage and storm water; and the Solid Waste Utility collects and disposes of recycling, yard waste, and residential and commercial garbage. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker,T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. But the melting of mountain glaciers and ice sheets has accelerated: As a result, the amount of sea level rise due to melting (with a small addition from groundwater transfer and other water storage shifts) from 2005–2013 was nearly twice the amount of sea level rise due to thermal expansion. Find everything to research, obtain permits, install, inspect, or restore pavement for construction involving water lines. As the world warms, land ice and ice shelves melt, with their water flowing into the global oceans. Photos courtesy of Louis H. Pedersen (1917) and Bruce F. Molina (2005), obtained from the Glacier Photograph Collection, Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center/World Data Center for Glaciology. How much it will rise depends mostly on the rate of future carbon dioxide emissions and future global warming. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Rep. NOS CO-OPS 083. In all cases, however, rising sea levels are increasing coastal flood risk. SPU also houses the Engineering Services line of business, which serves both City departments and outside agencies, providing efficient, customer-oriented engineering services that assist clients with replacing, improving, and expanding facilities with the least possible disruption to the community. Temperatures in the upper half of the ocean are measured by a global fleet of aquatic robots. Large images: 1917 | 2005. Access manuals, design specifications, and guidelines to meet design and construction rules and requirements, including CAD resources. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. Sweet, W.V., Kopp, R.E., Weaver, C.P., Obeysekera, T., Horton, R.M., Thieler, E.R., and Zervas, C. (2017). Construction projects can learn how to salvage or dispose of solid waste during and after the build, including hauling requirements and dust control. NOAA Tech. The darker line is based on University of Hawaii Fast Delivery sea level data. IPCC. Milne, R.S. As seas rise, saltwater is also contaminating freshwater aquifers, many of which sustain municipal and agricultural water supplies and natural ecosystems. Do you have feedback to offer on this or another article?Let us know what you think. Observed sea level from tide gauges (dark gray) and satellites (light gray) from 1800-2015, with future sea level through 2100 under six possible future scenarios (colored lines). Sign up for a utility discount and get rebates for environmentally friendly practices. Nerem, P.D. [online] http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg1/WG1AR5_SPM_FINAL.pdf. The water along Seattle's Puget Sound shoreline has risen by more than 6 inches during the past century. Global Sea Level Rise Scenarios for the US National Climate Assessment. Their experts concluded that even with lowest possible greenhouse gas emission pathways, global mean sea level would rise at least 8 inches (0.2 meters) above 1992 levels by 2100. The light blue line shows seasonal (3-month) sea level estimates from Church and White (2011). Seattle Public Utilities is investing in our infrastructure to protect public health and the environment and to continue providing essential services to customers. We manage large, regional watersheds that provide some of the cleanest water in the nation. The higher worst-case scenario—which is extremely unlikely, but can’t be ruled out—is largely due to new observations and modeling on ice loss from Antarctica and Greenland. Learn how to manage your account, pay your bills, view usage, and understand your rates. We are dedicated to public health and a clean environment for everyone. Accessed November 18 2019. The maps above show temperature anomalies, or changes, not absolute temperature. The rate of sea level rise is accelerating: it has more than doubled from 0.06 inches (1.4 millimeters) per year throughout most of the twentieth century to 0.14 inches (3.6 millimeters) per year from 2006–2015. The budget of recent global sea level rise: 1995-2013. Climate change impacts the world’s water in complex ways. View central estimates. Climate Projections. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10712-011-9119-1, Domingues, R., Goni, G., Baringer, M., & Volkov, D. (2018). By 2005, the glacier had retreated, and the lake had become a small grassland. For the densely populated Atlantic seaboard north of Virginia and the western Gulf of Mexico, sea level rise will likely be higher than the global average for all pathways. A third, much smaller contributor to sea level rise is a decline in the amount of liquid water on land—aquifers, lakes and reservoirs, rivers, soil moisture. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(24), 13,367-13,376. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL081183, IPCC, 2019: Summary for Policymakers. They depict how much various regions of the world have warmed or cooled when compared with a base period of 1951-1980. However, it’s uncertain whether that acceleration will continue, driving faster and faster sea level rise, or whether internal glacier and ice sheet dynamics (not to mention natural climate variability) will lead to “pulses” of accelerated melting interrupted by slowdowns. Since the early 1990s, sea level has been measured from space using radar altimeters, which determine the height of the sea surface by measuring the return speed and intensity of a radar pulse directed at the ocean. PO Box 34018, Seattle, WA, 98124-5177 Climate change encompasses not only rising average temperatures but also extreme weather events, shifting wildlife populations and habitats, rising seas, and a range of other impacts. The second mechanism is the melting of ice over land, which then adds water to the ocean. In press. Globally, sea levels have risen about 7 inches since the beginning of the 20th century. Sea level has risen 8–9 inches (21–24 centimeters) since 1880. Sea-Level Rise ("SLR") information is prepared for use by The City of Seattle for its internal purposes only, and is not designed or intended for use by members of the public. Since the early 1990s, sea level has been measured from space using radar altimeters, which determine the height of the sea surface by me… Find notifications and measures we take to inform and involve you. By the end of the century, global mean sea level is likely to rise at least one foot (0.3 meters) above 2000 levels, even if greenhouse gas emissions follow a relatively low pathway in coming decades. Alpine glaciers: Another decade of loss. This Scary Map Shows How Climate Change Will Transform Your City Click on your city, and the map will pinpoint a modern analog city that matches what your climate may be in 2080. In 2019, global sea level was 3.4 inches (87.6 mm) above the 1993 average—the highest annual average in the satellite record (1993-present). View our garbage, recycling, and food & yard waste (compost) services, find the nearest transfer station (dump/landfill) for extra waste, and learn about your collection day. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Click on the map above for an interactive version. In IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate [H.-O. (2011). Between 1993 and 2018, mean sea level has risen across most of the world ocean (blue colors). Payne, W.T. As global temperatures continue to warm, sea level will continue to rise. Climate change is expected to … Climate Resilience Toolkit.). (The global mean surface air temperature for that period was estimated to be 14°C (57°F), with an uncertainty of several tenths of a degree.) First, glaciers and ice sheets worldwide are melting and adding water to the ocean. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) stated last month in a special report on the oceans that global average sea levels could rise by up to 1.1m by 2100, in the worst warming scenario. Seattle Public Utilities (SPU) is comprised of three major direct-service providing utilities: the Water Utility, the Drainage and Wastewater Utility, and the Solid Waste Utility. The weights for each gauge in the global mean are determined by a cluster analysis that groups gauges from locations where sea level tends to vary in the same way. Now there's a map for that. Electricity is provided by Seattle City Light, a separate department with its own website. The more recent part of the time series is from the University of Hawaii Sea Level Center. [Online: https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/publications/techrpt83_Global_and_Regional_SLR_Scenarios_for_the_US_final.pdf], Sweet W. V., J. Learn about our commitment to equitable service and civic partnerships. This prevents over-emphasizing regions where there are many tide gauges located in close proximity. Pörtner, D.C. Roberts, V. Masson-Delmotte, P. Zhai, M. Tignor, E. Poloczanska, K. Mintenbeck, M. Nicolai, A. Okem, J. Petzold, B. Rama, N. Weyer (eds.)]. The decadal average loss from glaciers in the World Glacier Monitoring Service’s reference network quintupled over the past few decades, from the equivalent of 6.7 inches (171 millimeters) of liquid water in the 1980s, to 18 inches (460 millimeters) in the 1990s, to 20 inches (-500 millimeters) in the 2000s, to 33 inches (850 millimeters) for 2010-2018. The map of the United Kingdom is … Learn environmentally friendly ways you can save money on utilities. To estimate how much of the increase in sea level is due to actual mass transfer—the movement of water from land to ocean—scientists rely on a combination of direct measurements of melt rate and glacier elevation made during field surveys, and satellite-based measurements of tiny shifts in Earth’s gravity field. Our large watersheds supply safe and clean drinking water to the greater Seattle area. [Online: http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2019/03/alpine-glaciers-another-decade-of-loss/] Accessed November 18, 2019. Nuisance flooding in Annapolis in 2012. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service, Silver Spring, MD. Chapter 3: Polar regions. By overlaying social and economic data on a map that depicts sea level rise, a community can see the potential impact that sea level rise can have on vulnerable people and businesses. Ice loss from the Greenland Ice Sheet increased seven-fold from 34 billion tons per year between 1992-2001 to 247 billion tons per year between 2012 and 2016. Deeper temperatures are measured by instruments lowered from oceanographic research ships. Climate Resilience Toolkit. Seattle Public Utilities maintains 1,600 miles of water pipes. SPU has several financial assistance resources available, including flexible payment plans, utility discounts, and emergency bill assistance. (2012). Scientists account for these types of changes by measuring sea level change … We provide construction professionals with guidelines, specifications, and permits to connect to Seattle's water and sewer systems. Sea-Level Rise from the Late 19th to the Early 21st Century. Maps forecast large areas of Nelson under water from sea-level rise. Pfeffer, D. Stammer and A.S. Unnikrishnan. Global mean sea level has risen about 8–9 inches (21–24 centimeters) since 1880, with about a third of that coming in just the last two and a half decades. https://report.ipcc.ch/srocc/pdf/SROCC_SPM_Approved.pdf. Based on their new scenarios, global sea level is very likely to rise at least 12 inches (0.3 meters) above 2000 levels by 2100 even on a low-emissions pathway. [online] http://cpo.noaa.gov/sites/cpo/Reports/2012/NOAA_SLR_r3.pdf. Roads, bridges, subways, water supplies, oil and gas wells, power plants, sewage treatment plants, landfills—the list is practically endless—are all at risk from sea level rise. If we follow a pathway with high emissions,  a worst-case scenario of as much as 8.2 feet (2.5 meters) above 2000 levels by 2100 cannot be ruled out. https://www.climate.gov/maps-data/dataset/sea-level-rise-map-viewer Tide gauge stations from around the world have measured the daily high and low tides for more than a century, using a variety of manual and automatic sensors. ... A partial melting of this ice sheet would cause a 1-meter (3-foot) rise. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. These two elements contribute to sea level rise. In no event will The City of Seattle be liable for any loss or damage including without limitation, indirect or consequential loss or damage, or any loss or damage whatsoever arising from loss of data or profits arising out of, or in connection with, the use of any SLR information. (n.d.) Sea level trends. Sea level rise and nuisance flood frequency changes around the U.S. NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 73, 53p. Along almost all U.S. coasts outside Alaska, the 2017 projections indicate that sea level rise is likely to be higher than the global average for the three highest sea level rise pathways, thanks to local factors like land subsidence, changes in ocean currents, and regional ocean warming. The projections and scenarios are based on a 2018 Washington Coastal Resilience Project (WCRP) report ("Projected Sea Level Rise for Washington State"). http://www.star.nesdis.noaa.gov/sod/lsa/SeaLevelRise/documents/NOAA_NESD... https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/sltrends/, http://cpo.noaa.gov/sites/cpo/Reports/2012/NOAA_SLR_r3.pdf, http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2019/03/alpine-glaciers-another-decade-of-loss/, https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/publications/techrpt83_Global_and_Regional_SLR_Scenarios_for_the_US_final.pdf, https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/publications/NOAA_Technical_Report_NOS_COOPS_073.pdf, Explaining the NOAA Sea Level Rise Viewer, Rising Sea Levels Threaten Hawaiian Sea Turtles’ Nesting Sites, Climate Change: Arctic sea ice summer minimum. Potential Sea-Level Changes. For more detail on the data sources, see the end of the article. Water Outages View our current water outage map and read about how you can prepare for planned water outages. Mailing Address: In many locations along the U.S. coastline, high-tide flooding is now 300% to more than 900% more frequent than it was 50 years ago. Water Outages View our current water outage map and read about how you can prepare for planned water outages. Ice loss from the Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheets as well as alpine glaciers has accelerated in recent decades. Sea level is measured by two main methods: tide gauges and satellite altimeters. Antarctic ice loss nearly quadrupled from 51 billion tons per year between 1992 and 2001 to 199 billion tons per year from 2012-2016. The values are shown as change in sea level in millimeters compared to the 1993-2008 average. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. The climate projection methodology is described in full in Rasmussen et al. The Social Vulnerability Index , which shows areas of high human vulnerability to hazards, is based on population attributes from Census 2010 (e.g., age and poverty) and the built environment. These changes will put pressure on drinking water supplies, food production, property values, and more, in the U.S. and all around the world. Discover tips for safer gatherings and ideas for alternative ways to celebrate. A., and White, N. J. Fires and floods: maps of Europe predict scale of climate catastrophe This article is more than 10 months old Without urgent action, rising sea levels by end of century could leave cities under water The interactive map, produced by Climate Central, shows the change in the UK in the next 30 years because of rising sea levels. Consider a water cycle diagram, like the one below; global warming is altering nearly every stage in the diagram. Volunteer to remove graffiti or join a cleaning event. Also read about what to do if your bill seems too high. Published by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. At the same time, the volume of the water itself expands when warmed. When water melts from Greenland, for example, the drop in mass decreases the gravitational pull from the ice sheet, causing water to slosh toward the shores of South America. On the bright side, if future energy choices keep us on one the three lowest pathways, Alaska and the Pacific Northwest are likely to experience local sea level rise that is less than the global average. Surveys in Geophysics, 32(4-5), 585–602. (2016). Past and future sea level rise at specific locations on land may be more or less than the global average due to local factors: ground settling, upstream flood control, erosion, regional ocean currents, and whether the land is still rebounding from the compressive weight of Ice Age glaciers. Hall, R. Horton, K. Knuuti, R. Moss, J. Obeysekera, A. Sallenger, and J. Weiss. [online pdf] http://www.star.nesdis.noaa.gov/sod/lsa/SeaLevelRise/documents/NOAA_NESD.... Accessed November 18, 2019. From these gravity shifts, scientists estimate the amount of added water. Explore information about some of Seattle Public Utilities' completed construction projects, including summaries and documentation. In some ocean basins, sea level has risen 6-8 inches (15-20 centimeters). The base digital elevation model (DEM) used in the analysis was produced using data from the 2016 regional LiDAR project by King County & the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium. The scenarios differ based on potential future rates of greenhouse gas emissions and differences in the plausible rates of glacier and ice sheet loss. Address: Water levels account for the National Tidal Datum Epoch 1983-2001 (NTDE 83-01). Learn about our ongoing maintenance of these pipes and how this work can impact your neighborhood. Regional differences exist because of natural variability in the strength of winds and ocean currents, which influence how much and where the deeper layers of the ocean store heat. 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Everything to research, obtain permits, install, inspect, or restore pavement for construction involving lines! To 199 billion tons per year between 1992 and 2001 to 199 tons... The region rebates for environmentally friendly practices you save on your neighborhood masking or the... Consider a water cycle diagram, like the one below ; global warming causing. Et al., 2017 inspect, or changes, not absolute temperature these gravity shifts scientists. Current water outage map and read about what to do if your bill seems too high the rate glacier! Miami on May 3, 2007 get involved National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, ocean. Ny, USA of high-tide flooding at U.S. locations with the climate projection methodology is in... Is expanding as the world, scientists estimate the amount of added water discounts...: //www.climate.gov/maps-data/dataset/sea-level-rise-map-viewer sea level in millimeters compared to the U.N. Atlas of article! Projects in your neighborhood future carbon dioxide emissions and future frequency of high-tide flooding at locations... Temperatures in the plausible rates of glacier and ice shelves melt, with their water flowing into global. 1990S, coinciding with acceleration in glacier and ice sheets as well as alpine glaciers accelerated! Billion tons per year between 1992 and 2001 to 199 billion tons per year from 2012-2016 an! Bay in Alaska ’ s Kenai Mountains, in 1917 ( left ) and 2005 ( right.! Early 20th century, the water along Seattle 's water and calved icebergs into a lake.

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